Home > Academic Catalog > 2012-13 Academic Catalog > Academic Programs > Education


Program Director: Jen Powers, Ph.D.
Division of Humanities, Education, & Arts

Programs offered:

  • BS in Elementary Education

  • BS in Elementary Education with Special Education Endorsement

  • BA in Art with preK-12 Teacher Licensure

  • BA in Social Studies with 7-12 Teacher Licensure

  • BA in English with 7-12 Teacher Licensure

  • BS in Biology with 7-12 Teacher Licensure

  • Minor in Education (Not a licensure program)

  • Minor in Environmental Education (Not a licensure program)

Approximately 60 candidates are enrolled in Green Mountain College’s Education programs leading to licensure in elementary education, elementary education with special education endorsement, preK-12 Art education, secondary English education, secondary Biology/Science education, or secondary Social Studies education. All programs are accredited by the State of Vermont. Vermont licenses are automatically transferable to more than 40 other states through reciprocity agreements. Details on reciprocity may be found at

Green Mountain Education candidates spend a minimum of 100 hours in field experiences and methods courses working in area schools, plus 600 hours student teaching, with at least one faculty supervisor for every five student teachers. The Green Mountain College Education Program seeks to give its candidates as wide a variety as possible of field experiences and background knowledge and skills to prepare them for working with students in settings that include private schools, public schools, museums, parks, daycare centers, private tutoring, and more.

Though most Green Mountain College Education candidates fulfill the requirements to be eligible for teaching licensure, some candidates choose to pursue a degree in Education but not licensure. To that end, the College offers a choice of two different tracks that will allow candidates to choose the path that meets their needs:

  • Licensure Track: These candidates fulfill all of the course requirements of the Elementary Education degree including application to, and completion of, student teaching, the route to earning a degree in Elementary Education and a licence to teach under Vermont state requirements. They must also meet all Praxis requirements for their endorsement area(s).
    Candidates must declare Licensure Track prior to application to student teach, and meet GPA requirements before being placed in student teaching.
    A candidate who does not meet the State of Vermont requirements for licensure may still obtain a B.S. in Elementary Education from Green Mountain College providing the candidate meets all requirements for the major except passing EDU 1200 and student teaching and makes up student teaching credits following the requirements for the Degree Track.

  • Degree Track: Candidates opting to take the Degree Track take the required courses for the Elementary Education degree. These students do not student teach, but instead choose 12 credits from a suite of Education courses designed to supplement their educational focus. Degree Track candidates will graduate from GMC with a B.S. in Elementary Education, without licensing to teach. Students will choose 12 credits of any EDU course at the 3000-4000 level.

Learning Outcomes for Education Candidates:
Specific competencies can be found at the Vermont Department of Education’s Five Standards for Vermont Educators. The Five Standards incorporate skills, knowledge, and habits under the headings:

  • Learning (content expertise)

  • Professional Knowledge (methodology and pedagogy)

  • Colleagueship

  • Advocacy

  • Accountability

See for more information on Vermont’s licensing standards.

The GMC Education Program draws from the Vermont Department of Education’s Sixteen Principles for Professional Educators (pertaining to the Knowledge and Performance Standards for each endorsement area) with regards to candidates’ Learning Outcomes:

The GMC Education Candidate:

  • has knowledge and skills in the content of his or her endorsement(s) at a level that enables students to meet or exceed the standards represented in the Fields of Knowledge, the Vital Results of Vermont’s Framework of Standards and Learning Opportunities, and/or the Common Core Standards.

  • understands how individuals learn and grow and provides learning opportunities that support intellectual, physical, social, and emotional development.

  • understands how individuals and groups differ and creates equitable instructional opportunities that respond to the needs of all students.

  • understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to provide opportunities for all students to meet or exceed the expectations in Vermont’s Framework of Standards and Learning Opportunities.

  • creates a classroom climate that encourages respect for self and others, positive social interaction, and personal health and safety.

  • implements, adapts, revises, and, when necessary, creates curriculum based on standards, knowledge of subject matter, and student needs and interests.

  • uses multiple assessment strategies to evaluate student growth and modify instruction.

  • integrates students with disabilities into appropriate learning situations.

  • integrates current technologies in instruction, assessment, and professional productivity.

  • understands conditions and actions which would tend to discriminate against students on the basis of sex, race, color, creed, age, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin, and takes proactive steps to address discrimination.

  • works as a team member and establishes collaborative relationships with school colleagues, parents, agencies and others in the broader community to support students’ learning and well-being, and to implement the school’s goals and articulated curriculum.

  • recognizes the multiple influences on students inside and outside the school and accesses appropriate systems of support for students.

  • understands laws related to student and educator rights and responsibilities, and applies current state and federal laws and regulations as they pertain to all children, including those who are at risk and those with disabilities, and treats students and colleagues fairly and equitably.

  • grows professionally, through a variety of approaches, to improve professional practice and student learning.

  • assesses student progress in relation to standards and modifies curricula and instruction, as necessary, to improve student learning.

  • maintains useful records of student work and performance and knowledgeably, responsibly, and effectively communicates student progress in relation to standards in a manner easily understood.

Grade Point Average (GPA) Requirements

Elementary Education and Special Education:
In order to be recommended for licensure, a student must have achieved a GPA of 3.0 in Education courses and a 2.7 overall prior to student teaching, and must receive a grade of B or better for student teaching.

Secondary Education:
In order to be recommended for licensure, a student must have achieved a 3.0 GPA in Education courses, have a 3.0 GPA in subject major courses, have a 3.0 average overall, and receive a grade of B or better for student teaching.

Art K-12 Education:
In order to be recommended for licensure, a student must have achieved a 3.0 GPA in Education courses, have a 3.0 GPA in subject major courses, have a 3.0 average overall, and receive a grade of B or better for student teaching.

In order to student teach and be eligible for licensure, candidates must pass the Praxis I test and the appropriate Praxis II subject matter test(s). Information on arranging to take the Praxis is available at To help prepare students to pass Praxis, all education candidates are required to take EDU 1200 (recommended during spring semester freshman year or fall of sophomore year) unless exempt from Praxis I. The course is a zero credit test preparation course that includes a lab fee covering the cost of the Praxis I exam. At the conclusion of the course, candidates will take Praxis I. (see course description for more detail.) You are exempt from Praxis I if you scored > 1100 on the SAT with a score of 500 or better in both math and verbal OR if your ACT score > 22 on verbal and math. Praxis II preparation is addressed in each of the endorsement area Methods courses.

Admission to Student Teaching:
Prior to being allowed to student teach, candidates will:

  • Have senior standing.

  • Complete all required education courses.

  • Meet GPA requirements (see above).

  • Be able to complete all course work in the major within one semester.

  • Be recommended by faculty in both the major/concentration and Education.

  • Pass Praxis I and Praxis II.

  • Complete an application to student teach by the required deadline.

To be recommended for licensure, candidates must:

  • Receive a grade of B or better in student teaching and student teaching seminar.

  • Complete all college graduation requirements.

  • Complete all content area requirements.

  • Complete all education requirements.

  • Receive a grade of pass on a licensure portfolio that demonstrates competency with the standards established by the State of Vermont as well as effective application of course work during student teaching.

Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education
This program prepares candidates for elementary school teaching. Each candidate works closely with a faculty advisor to develop a planned program of study that will focus on the individual goals of the candidate while meeting all requirements for graduation and Vermont licensure. Each candidate is required to complete field work, methodology, and theory courses in a carefully planned sequence in preparation for teacher licensure. During senior year candidates complete fifteen weeks of full-time student teaching at the elementary level. All student teaching must be done in the immediate area of the College. See eligibility requirements under Early Field Experience (EDU 2000), Observation Practicum (EDU 3100), Student Teaching (EDU 4085) and Student Teaching Seminar (EDU 4086).

Requirements for a B.S. in Elementary Education: Licensure Track
Education Courses:

Liberal Arts Concentration (LAC):
30 credits in one liberal arts area from the following categories (may draw from Core and Distribution);
Distribution courses will be addressed on a semester-by-semester basis):

  • Writing & English

  • Art

  • The Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Geology)

  • Psychology/Sociology/Anthropology

  • History

  • Philosophy

ELA core courses that count toward LAC:

Total credits in ELA: 36

General Electives:
Total electives vary depending on total of other credits.
Credits: 7

Total credits for a B.S. in Elementary Education: 120
Note: All students are required to complete 33 credits of upper-division work (3000-4000 level courses).

Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education with Special Education Endorsement
Candidates in this program complete the elementary education program while taking additional courses to qualify them for licensure to teach in elementary special education classes or resource rooms. The elementary education courses form a base for more specialized courses in the teaching of children with special needs. One of the two student teaching experiences will be in a special education setting.

Special Education Endorsement Courses
Candidates seeking teacher licensure in special education for mild to moderate disabilities at the elementary level must complete all requirements for the B.S. in Elementary Education, complete 7-8 weeks of the student teaching placement in a special education setting and 7-8 weeks in an elementary classroom, and take the courses listed below in addition to those listed for elementary education.


Secondary Education
Green Mountain College offers programs leading to secondary licensure (grades 7-12) in English, Social Studies, and Biology. Candidates in these programs complete a major in the relevant discipline (English, History, Biology) along with a sequence of education courses and field experiences toward secondary licensure. Secondary Education is not a major by itself. More details about the requirements for each program area can be found under that program’s listings in this catalog.

Education Requirements for Secondary Education:
Education Core:

Total Credits in Education: 39-43*
*Science students take the 4 credit EDU 4012: Teaching Methods in Secondary Science in place of EDU 4081, and take the 4 credit EDU/BIO 4035: Content for Secondary Science Teachers.

PreK-12 Art Education: Licensure Track
Green Mountain College offers a program leading to licensure in Art PreK-12. Students in this program complete a major in Art along with a sequence of education courses and field experiences. More detail about all of the requirements for Art PreK-12 can be found under that program’s listings in this catalog.

Education Requirements for Art PreK-12 Education Licensure
Education Core:

Total Credits in Education: 41

Environmental Education Minor
The Environmental Education minor is available to all GMC students. To fulfill the requirements, students must take a total of 18 credits including nine credits of required fundamental courses and nine credits of electives chosen from the list below. NOTE: Environmental Education is NOT a licensure program.

Fundamental Courses Required:

Electives (choose 9 credits from the list below)
Total credits for a Minor in Environmental Education: 18

In addition, due to the demand for first aid skills in many environmental education jobs, we urge students to take the following if they anticipate working with the public in outdoor settings.

REC 2015: Outdoor Emergency Care or
REC 2315: Wilderness First Responder

Education Minor
The Education minor is available to all GMC students. It provides a broad orientation to the discipline with the opportunity of pursuing a variety of required and elective courses to deepen the student’s interest and background in the field. Students who wish to minor in Education should contact the Program Director.

Education Core

Education Electives: 8-9 credits

Total credits for a Minor in Education: 18-19
Note: Students completing the minor are not eligible to student teach

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