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Steven E. Letendre Ph.D

Professor of Economics and Environmental Studies; Renewable Energy & Ecological Design Program Director

Terrace Hall 130
One Brennan Circle
Poultney, VT 05764-1199
Email Address: letendres@greenmtn.edu
Phone: (802) 287-8303

"It has been a great pleasure to be part of Green Mountain College’s evolution to become one of the nation’s leading environmental colleges. I have worked with students on a number of projects over the years that have helped garner GMC national recognition for its environmental commitment. I’m also excited about the type of college experience students who attend GMC receive; students are given the opportunity to take what they learn in the classroom and apply it to solve real world problems. This is particularly true for students in our new program in Renewable Energy & Ecological Design (REED). Twenty students last semester were involved in a 15-credit block course focused on designing and building a garage that uses solar to charge a plug-in electric vehicle and heat the space to improve the performance of these vehicles in cold climate. Students not only came away from the course with real design and building skills, but also with a greater appreciation of what it will take to create sustainable energy systems in our complex dynamic world. "

Dr. Letendre is a Professor of Economics and Environmental Studies and currently serves as the director for the Renewable Energy & Ecological Design (REED) program. His research involves the economic analysis of emerging environmental technologies and the development of policies and regulations to promote a sustainable energy future. Dr. Letendre has published over 45 technical articles on a variety of energy issues. His research has been referenced in mainstream media, including the New York Times and the Christian Science Monitor. He has performed collaborative research with organizations from across the country, including the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, California Air Resources, the Solar Electric Power Association, and the University of Vermont’s Transportation Research Center. In recognition of his accomplishments, he was invited to participate in a review of the US Department of Energy’s plug-in vehicle program and to present to the Vermont State Legislature on electric vehicles as part of a special series on global climate change. He currently serves as the Board Treasurer for Renewable Energy Vermont, a trade association advocating for developing policies that strengthen Vermont’s burgeoning renewable energy industry. For many years, he served on the board of SolarFest, a small local non-profit that hosts a renewable energy festival weekend event each July. The event was chosen twice by the Vermont Chamber of Commerce as a top 10 summer event.

Education 

• 1997 Ph.D. in Energy and Environmental Policy, University of
   Delaware, Newark. Dissertation Title: "Photovoltaic Technology
   for Sustainability: An Investigation of the Distributed Utility
   Concept as a Policy Framework"
• 1991 M.A. in Economics, State University of New York,
   Binghamton, NY
• 1989 B.S. in Business Administration, Bryant College, Smithfield,
   RI

Teaching and Mentoring
• ELA 1123 - Energy and Society
• ECO 2033 - Economics of the Environment
• RED 3120 - Renewable Energy: Technology & Applications
• BUS 5070 - Stakeholder Economics & Corporate Performance
   Management


Awards
• 1995 The University of Delaware Graduate College of Urban Affairs and Public Policy Milton and Mary Edelstein Prize for community and public service.
  
• 1996 University of Delaware Bill N Baron Fellowship in recognition of his contribution to photovoltaic research and development.
  
• 1997 The University of Delaware Graduate College of Urban Affairs and Public Policy Mark A. Haskell Award for demonstrating consistently superior performance in the field of urban affairs and public policy.
  
• 2003 Vermont Governor’s Award for Environmental Excellence for the Poultney change-a-light challenge.
  
• 2012 Vermont Campus Compact Engaged Scholar Award for exemplary integration of civic engagement into scholarship and teaching.
  

Research Interests
• Solar electricity's (photovoltaics) value as a distributed energy
   resource
• Vehicle-to-grid power: concept development and economic and
   regulatory assessment
• Policy and regulatory frameworks to promote sustainable energy
   technologies
• Ecological design as applied to power and transportation systems
• Education for and the role of non-profits in promoting sustainable
   development

Publications

Journal Articles:
Van Hoesen, J. & Letendre, S. (2010). Evaluating potential renewable energy resources in Poultney, Vermont: A GIS-based approach to supporting rural community energy planning. Renewable Energy, 35, 2114-2122.

Letendre, S., Denholm, P., & Lilienthal, P. (2006). Plug-in hybrid and all-electric vehicles: new load or new resource. Public Utilities Fortnightly, 144, 28 - 37.

Letendre, S., Perez, R., & Herig, C. (2006). Solar vehicles at last? Solar Today, 20, 26-29.

Letendre, S., & Perez, R. (2006). Understanding the benefits of dispersed grid-connected photovoltaic: from avoiding the next major outage to taming wholesale power markets. The Electricity Journal, 19, 64-72.

Perez, R., Collins, B., Margolis, R., Hoff, T., Herig, C, Williams, J., and Letendre, S. (2005). Summer Blackouts? How dispersed solar power-generating systems can help prevent the next major outage. Solar Today, 19, 32-35.

Letendre, S., & Kempton, W. (2002). V2G: a new model for power. Public Utilities Fortnightly, 140, 16-26.

Kempton, W., & Letendre, S. (1997). Electric vehicles as a new power source for electric utilities. Transportation Research-D, 2, 157-175.

Byrne, J., Letendre, S., Wang, Y., Govindarajalu, C., & Nigro, R. (1996). Evaluating the economics of photovoltaics in a demand-side management role. Energy Policy, 24, 177-185.

Byrne, J., Letendre, S., Wang, Y., Govindarajalu, C., & Nigro, R. (1995). Photovoltaics: a dispatchable peak-shaving option. Public Utilities Fortnightly, 133.

Letendre, S. (1994). Incorporating environmental externalities into electricity markets: methods and policies. Bulletin of Science, Technology, & Society, 14, 256-261.

Additional Published Articles:
Letendre, S & Perotti, M. (2012). The business case for matching renewable energy production with vehicle charging. Proceedings of the EVS26 (26rth Electric Vehicle Symposium), Los Angeles, CA.

Letendre, S, Kempton, W, & Tomic, J. (2011). The networked vehicle 1.0. XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students, 17 (4), 35-38.

Letendre, S & Soto, N. (2011). Vermont’s Feed-In Tariff: Progress and Challenges. Proceedings of the 2011 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S., Van Hoesen, J., Robinson, J., & Welch, K. (2010). A community-based weatherization initiative in Vermont. Proceedings of the ACEEE 2010 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC.

Dowds, J., Hines, P., Farmer, C., Watts, R., & Letendre, S. (2010). Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Project: Phase II Report. A report prepared for the University of Vermont’s Transportation Research Center, Burlington, VT.

Letendre, S (2009). Solar Electricity as a Fuel for Light Vehicles. Proceedings of the 2006 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Kempton, W., Udo, V., Huber, K., Komara, K., Letendre, S., Baker, S., Brunner, D. & Pearre, N. (2009). A test of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) for energy storage and frequency regulation in the PJM system results from an industry-university research partnership: A report of the Mid-Atlantic Grid Interactive Car Consortium (MAGIC).

Letendre, S. & M. Taylor. (2008). Residential photovoltaic metering and interconnection study: Utility perspectives and practices. A report prepared for the Solar Electric Power Associations, Washington, DC.

Letendre, S. R. Watts, & M. Cross. (2008). Plug-in hybrid vehicles and the Vermont grid: A scoping analysis. A report prepared for the University of Vermont’s Transportation Research Center, Burlington, VT.

Denholm, P. & Letendre, S. (2007). Grid services from plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: A key to economic viability, Proceedings of the 2007 EEAST (Electrical Energy Storage - Applications and Technology) conference, San Francisco, CA.

Letendre, S (2007). Vehicle integrated PV: Exploring the potential. Proceedings of the EVS23 (23rd Electric Vehicle Symposium), Anaheim, CA.

Letendre, S (2006). Ushering in an era of solar-power mobility. Proceedings of the 2006 International Workshop on Hybrid and Solar Vehicles, Salerno, Italy.

Letendre, S (2006). A quarter a kilowatt hour: getting serious about ushering in a solar energy future. Proceedings of the 2006 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Perez, R., Kmiecik, M., Hoff, T., Herig, C. Williams, J., Letendre, S., & Margolis, R. (2004). Availability of dispersed photovoltaic resource during the August 14th 2003 Northeast power outage. Proceedings of the 2004 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S. (2004). PV integrated electric drive transit buses: Toward a sustainable urban transit system. Proceedings of the 2004 International Solar Cities Congress, Daegu, Korea. 

Letendre, S., Perez, R., & Herig, C. (2003). Vehicle integrated PV: a clean and secure fuel for hybrid electric vehicles. Proceedings of the 2003 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S., Perez, R., & Herig, C. (2003). Solar and power markets: peak power prices and PV availability for the summer of 2002. Proceedings of the 2003 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S., Perez, R., & Herig, C. (2002). Battery-powered, electric-drive vehicles providing buffer storage for PV capacity value. Proceedings of the 2002 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Kempton, W., Jasna T., Letendre, S., Brooks, A., & Lipman, T. (2001). Electric drive vehicles-battery, hybrid, and fuel cell-as resources for distributed electric power in California, University of California Davis, ITS-RR-01-03.

Letendre, S., Perez, R., & Herig, C. (2001). An assessment of photovoltaic energy availability during periods of peak power prices. Proceedings of the 2001 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Perez, R., Letendre, S., & Herig, C. (2001). PV and grid reliability: availability of PV power during capacity shortfalls. Proceedings of the 2001 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S. (2001) Biopower's potential. Northeast Sun, 19, 11-13.

Letendre, S. (2000) Electric utility deregulation comes to the northeast. Northeast Sun, 18, 8-11.

Letendre, S. (2000) SolarFest: energy education through the arts. Proceedings of the 2000 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S. (1999). Fostering sustainability in the northern forest region: the role of renewable energy. Proceedings of the 1999 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S., Weinberg, C., Byrne, J., & Wang, Y. (1998). Commercializing photovoltaics: the importance of capturing distributed benefits. Proceedings of the 1998 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S., Aitken, D., Byrne, B., Agbemabiese, L., Bouton, D., & Kliesch, J. (1998). Photovoltaics as an energy services technology: a case study of pv sited at the union of concerned scientists headquarters. Proceedings of the 1998 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Byrne, J., Letendre, S., Agbemabiese, L., Redlin, D., & Nigro, R. (1997). Commercial building integrated photovoltaics: market and policy implications. Proceedings of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference.

Byrne, J., Letendre, S., Nigro, R., Ferguson, B., & Wang, Y. (1997). Building load analysis of dispatchable peak-shaving photovoltaic systems: a regional analysis of technical and economic potential. Proceedings of the 1997 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Letendre, S., Byrne, J., & Wang, Y. (1996) The distributed utility concept: toward a sustainable electric utility sector. Proceedings of the ACEEE 1996 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC.

Byrne, J., Letendre, S., Nigro, R., Wallace, W., Wang, Y., & Govindarajalu, C. (1995). PV-DSM: opportunities for early commercialization. Proceedings of the 1997 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Byrne, J., Wang, Y., Letendre, S., Govindarajalu, C., Nigro, R., & Bottenberg, W. (1994). Deployment of dispatchable photovoltaic systems: technical and economic results. Proceedings of the First World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, HI.

Byrne, J., Nigro, R., Letendre, S., Govindarajalu, C., Wallace, W., & Wang, Y. (1994). Photovoltaics for demand-side management utility markets: a utility/customer partnership approach. Proceedings of the First World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, HI.

Byrne, J., Wang, Y., Nigro, R., & Letendre, S. (1994). Photovoltaics in a demand-side management role. Proceedings of the ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC.

Byrne, J., Nigro, R., Wallace, W., Wang, Y., & Letendre, S. (1994). Photovoltaics in high-value, utility markets: a demand-side management strategy. Proceedings of the 1994 American Solar Energy Society Annual Conference, Boulder, CO.

Byrne, J., Nigro, R., Wang, Y. & Letendres, S. (1994). PV-DSM as a green investment strategy. Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference on Integrated Resource Planning, National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissions, Washington, DC.

Recent Lectures:
Plug-In Cars: Enhancing Smart Grid Investment Returns. Renewable Energy Vermont 4th Annual Distributed Generation Conference, May, 2010: Manchester, VT.

Solar Electricity as a Fuel for Light Vehicles. American Solar Energy Society’s Solar 2009 Conference, May, 2009: Buffalo, NY.

The Electric Drive Revolution: Opportunities & Challenges, Northeast Sustainable Energy Association Building Energy 2009 Conference, March, 2009: Boston, MA

Vehicle Integrated Photovoltaics: Exploring the Potential. The 23rd International Electric Vehicle Symposium. December, 2007: Anaheim, CA.

Sustainable Mobility: Exploring the Potential. Castleton State College, Soundings Event. October, 2007: Castleton, VT.

The US PV Industry: An Overview of Manufacturing, Markets, & the Policy Environment. German American Chamber of Commerce Inc., Renewable Energy Conference. June, 2007: New York, NY.

Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles: The Ultimate Distributed Energy Resource. Renewable Energy Vermont, Distributed Energy—Local Power for a Secure Energy Future. May, 2007: Brattleboro, VT.

PV Industry and Market Trends: A View From the Top. New York State Energy Research and Development Authority Installer Meeting. April, 2007: Albany, NY.

Vehicle-to-Grid: Markets and Revenue Potential. US Department of Energy Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Grid Impacts Technical Review. March, 2007: Washington, DC.

Looking Into the Solar Crystal Ball: The Competitive Landscape. SMA Solar Installers Summit. March, 2007: Somerset, NJ.

The Inevitable Transition to Electric Drive: Implications for Vermont. Special Session of the Vermont Legislature on Energy and Climate Change. January, 2007: Montpelier, VT.

Activities and Awards
• Member of the Solar Energy Society
• Treasurer of Renewable Energy Vermont Board (2007-Present)
• 2003 Governor’s Award for Environmental Excellence
• University of Delaware's Institute of Energy Conversion 1997 Bill 
   N. Baron Award for outstanding contribution to photovoltaic
   research and development.
• Milton and Mary Edelstein Prize for Community and Public
   Service, 1995.
• Member, Northeast Sustainable Energy Association and American 
   Solar Energy Society.
• President, Urban Affairs Student Association, University of 
   Delaware.
• Ph.D. Representative, Urban Affairs Student Association,
   University of Delaware.
• Tuition Scholarship Award, State University of New York at
   Binghamton, 1991.
• Mountain biking, snowboarding, and hiking.



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